Dental prostheses are used to repair intraoral defects such as missing a part or whole the teeth, or defects in soft and hard tissues of the palate or jaw. Dentures are also used to rebuild chewing power, improve aesthetics, and assist in speech.
Prostheses can be fixed and removable.
Fixed prostheses will be fixed in place with screws or dental cement. But removable prostheses use the side walls or underlying joints to stay in the mouth and are easily removed from the mouth and re-positioned.
In the dentures that used for toothless cases, the suction is used to attach to the following mucosa or to hold the surrounding muscles and contours of the remaining prosthetic tissues in place.
Types of dental prostheses
Dentures, which are used for total toothless cases, are usually supported by soft and hard tissues of the mouth. Common types of dentures are removable, but nowadays, with the advent of dental implants, dentures can also be used fixedly with no further problems about rickety prosthesis.
A partial denture, or a piece that replaces bridges in cases where some parts of the patient’s teeth are missing, replace bridges in cases where the teeth are insufficient to support the bridge or are unable to afford the bridges for financial reasons.
Orthodontic appliques are designed to treat dental irregularities or jaw anomalies that can be either fixed or removable
Dental implants that are surgically implanted into the jawbone are used to support dental prostheses such as crowns, bridges or dentures. The implants are made of titanium, which will be transplanted to the bone by a process called osseointegration, after this procedure, which lasts about 4 to 6 months, the prosthetic part will be mounted on it
Crowns are fixed prostheses used to reconstruct the anatomical part of a missing tooth containing porcelain metal, PFM or fully ceramics, fully zirconia, zirconia porcelain, glass-ceramics or enamics.
To make the crown, at first the tooth will be cut to the desired size and shape, then we will tack a mold from the mouth and then in the lab coats will be tested by a technician and after that would be ready to adhere to the tooth.