There are different methods for replacing lost teeth. Dental implant surgery is one of the newest and most natural techniques. A dental implant is actually a type of artificial root implanted in jaw bone through surgery. We do this procedure to prepare a suitable place for the attachment of the dental crown.
Cross-sectional studies show that dental implant treatments in patients are very reliable and safe. Long-term advantages of a successful dental implant are:
• A long-term solution for replacing the teeth of patients who have lost their teeth
• Significant improvement in the quality of life and well-being of patients
• Prevention from jawbone erosion
What do we mean by a successful dental implant surgery?
Success happens when upon re-examination of dental implant by the surgeon and after the analysis, there are no bone pain and erosion or complications such as peri-implantitis, in which case the patient can use the dental implant for at least 20 years if he/she takes the adequate care. In general, according to research, the success rate of dental implant surgeries after 15 years is more than 90%.
Dental implant surgery aftercare
One of the critical measures for the success of a dental implant is taking the necessary post-operative care. In the following, we describe these measures:
Oral and dental hygiene
Oral and dental hygiene is crucial for patients undergoing dental implant surgery. In the absence of hygiene, germs and plaque will accumulate around the implant and lead to jawbone and gum erosion.
Infection is another consequence of poor oral hygiene, which eventually weakens the connection between the dental implant fixture and the jawbone.
Regular examination by a dentist
Regular examination by a dentist is another crucial dental implant surgery aftercare. The first visit to the dentist happens about three weeks after the surgery. The next referrals are scheduled and take place based on the treatment type and patient condition. In the case of bone grafting, the next visit for implementation of dental implant fixture is about 3-4 months later. If there is no need for bone grafting and the digital implant technique is used, the dentist can implement the dental implant fixtures in the same session.
The technique used by the dentist for a dental implant is another pivotal factor in the success of the surgery. When visiting a dentist for a dental implant, make sure the dentist carefully checks the anatomy of your gum and jaw so he/she can come up with the right treatment to achieve the best possible result. In a 5-year study on patients applying for dental implants at the School of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, the researchers showed that the correct selection of patients and treatment plan alongside using the right prosthesis and following principles of surgery increase the success rate of surgery. In a study by Sonal Raikar et al. (2017), they found that the patient’s age, the implant length, the implant diameter, bone quality, and the implant region have a substantial impact on the success rate of the surgery.
Having healthy and strong bones is a critical requirement for implant surgery. During the initial evaluation session, the dentist checks the density and strength of your jawbone. The stability of a dental implant depends on the jawbone’s ability to attach to the titanium implant. It is a mistake to delay the dental implant surgery because of the fear and the cost. The more time passes, the more your jawbone becomes weakened, and the chances of receiving an implant on your jawbone reduce. In the case the quality of your bones is not adequate to support the dental implant, the dentist can use several bone grafting methods to increase the chances of ossification and provides you with the possibility of placing dental implants.
One of the dental implant surgery aftercare is the regular consumption of antibiotics prescribed by the dentist, which prevents the infection from forming in the surgical site. In the case of any reaction to the drug (such as skin reactions, etc.), you should discuss the condition with your dentist. In case of not using antibiotics and developing an infection, the dental implant will fail.
Smoking disrupts the natural treatment and healing process of the surgical site. Some of the adverse effects of smoking after surgery are infection and bone graft failure.
Brushing the teeth is one of the most vital cares for a successful dental implant. Twenty-four hours after the surgery, the patient can start brushing his/her teeth. Disinfection of the mouth with salt water (a glass of water and ¼ teaspoon salt) is also helpful. It is usually forbidden to rinse your mouth with mouthwash or hydrogen peroxide for up to 14 days after surgery.